Madam Efunroye Tinubu

EKO MONUMENTS: Tinubu Square

Post Series: Eko Monuments

Tinubu Square (formerly Independence Square), is an open space landmark located in Broad Street, Lagos Island, Lagos State, Nigeria. It used to be called Ita Tinubu in memory of Madam Efunroye Tinubu, a slave trader and business magnate, before it was named Independence Square by leaders of the First Republic and subsequently Tinubu Square.

Madam Efunroye Tinubu (c. 1810 – 1887) born Efunporoye Osuntinubu[1] was a politically significant figure in Nigerian history because of her role as a powerful female aristocrat and slave trader in pre colonial and colonial Nigeria.Tinubu was born in the Ojokodo forest area of Egbaland, her father’s name was Olumosa. She was allegedly of Owu ancestry either through her maternal or paternal side. Madam Tinubu was reportedly married multiple times. Her first marriage to an Owu man bore two sons. After her Owu husband died, she remarried the exiled Oba Adele in 1833 who, while visiting Abeokuta, was charmed by Tinubu. She moved with the exiled Oba to Badagry which was traditionally the place of refuge for Lagos monarchs and was where she exploited Adele’s connections to build a formidable business trading in tobacco, salt, and slaves.

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